Wikipedian explained why Zelensky had won: различия между версиями

Нет описания правки
Russian Wikipedian [[Дмитрий Кошелев|Dmitry Koshelev]] presented his concept of the [[:en:w:World history|world history]] based on the theory of [[:en:w:Jungian archetypes|archetypes]] by [[:en:w:Carol S. Pearson|Carol S. Pearson]]. Two lectures called «[[c:File:Are the new Dark Ages possible (2019-04-29).pdf|Are the new Dark Ages possible?]]» took place on [[4 апреля 2019 года|April 4]] in [[:en:w:Tyumen|Tyumen]] and on [[29 апреля 2019 года|April 29]] in [[:en:w:Moscow|Moscow]]. Both of them passed in the «[[Точка кипения|Boiling point]]», organized by the [[:en:w:Agency for Strategic Initiatives (Russia)|Agency of Strategic Initiatives (Russia)]].
 
According to the author, the first who used the archetypes to explain and [[:en:w:Forecasting|predict]] [[:en:w:history|historical]] events was the [[:en:w:Switzerland|Swiss]] psychiatrist [[:en:w:Carl Jung|Carl Gustav Jung]]. In the article «Wotan», written in [[:en:w:1936|1936]], Jung suggested that [[:en:w:Nazism|Nazism]] was a manifestation of the influence of the archetype of God [[:en:w:Odin|Odin]] onto the [[:en:w:Germans|German people]]. Because Odin is the German [[d:Q41863069|god of war]], the founder of [[:en:w:Analytical psychology|analytical psychology]] has been able to [[:en:w:prediction|predict]] [[:en:w:|World War II]] without being an expert in [[:en:w:politics|politics]] or [[:en:w:futurology|futurology]].
 
The concept of Jungian archetypes became very popular in the differential psychology; it served as the basis for MBTI, the most popular questionnaire in the world using in career counseling, and for the socionics, no less popular in Russia. However, Koshelev used in his historiosophical concept a model of 12 archetypes, which works in his own project called «Fortunengineering», dedicated to career counseling. The model was created in 1991 by the American philologist Carol S. Pearson, its foundation was not only the works by Jung, but also the archetypal psychology of James Hillman and the doctrine of the hero’s journey by Joseph Campbell.
 
According to 12 Pearson's archetypes, the Wikipedian divided the world history into consecutive eras:
# Age of Innocent (66-36466—364 AD) - a time when many famous religious figures appeared (Jesus Christ, Basilides, Mani, etc.);
# Age of Orphan (313-536313—536) - a time of the fall of the Roman Empire, the Sixteen Kingdoms in China, the extreme weather events of 535-536 years, Mazdakism (the first version of communism in the history);
# Age of Warrior (451-778451—778) - a time of the legendary warriors. Such as Siegfried, Dietrich von Bern or Roland;
# Age of Caregiver (768-1054768—1054) - a time of several “revivals” at once (Carolingian Renaissance, Ottonian Renaissance, Islamic Golden Age);
# Age of Seeker (1000-12761000—1276) - a time of the Norse colonization of North America, the Crusades, and an appearance of founders of the modern science (scholastics);
# Age of Lover (1135-15741135—1574) - a time of Gothic art, courtly love literature, the Dolce Stil Novo (love lyrics of Dante and Petrarch);
# Age of Destroyer (1315-15261315—1526) - the crisis of the Late Middle Ages, the Early Renaissance;
# Age of Creator (1496-16691496—1669) - High Renaissance and Northern Renaissance. The time of activity of many symbolic figures of the world culture (Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Shakespeare);
# Age of Ruler (499-168499—168 BC, 1598-17891598—1789) - a time of making large transcontinental empires (the state of Alexander the Great, the Roman Republic, the Han dynasty, the Maurya Empire, the British Empire, the Spanish Empire, the Qing dynasty), absolutism and classicism;
# Age of Magician (308-45308—45 BC, 1775-18951775—1895) - a time of creation of the Hellenistic religion and astrology, animal magnetism and spiritualism, the revival of Hesychasm;
# Age of Sage (141 BC 138 AD, 1859-19911859—1991) - the Roman architectural revolution, the creation of the Great Silk Road, the invention of paper, the modern technological revolution, the “welfare state”, the modernity;
# Age of Jester (65 BC 235 AD, since 1967) an apogee of gladiatorial battles in Ancient Rome, the richest athlete in the world history (Guy Appuleius Diocles), now – the postmodernity (the sexual revolution, gamification, increasing of the show business and economic bubbles).
 
[[Файл:Dmitry Koshelev in Moscow 04.jpg|thumb|left|300px|A lecture by Dmitry Koshelev.]]
According to Koshelev, if the concept proposed by him is correct, it will allow for both short-term and long-term forecasting. In this way, it can be compared with the psychohistory that is mentioned in Isaac Asimov’s series of novels, «The Foundation».
 
As a long-term forecast, the speaker suggested that the tendency to relocate people to megalopolises will continue for another 100-150100—150 years, and then we should wait for the counterurbanization. He compares the future period with the return of the Age of Orphan, of which he considers the Anastasianism to be the forerunners. A little earlier, the Age of Innocent will return, the inevitability of which the speaker justified by such facts as the Islamic revival, the New Age and new religious movements.
 
For modernity the most relevant is all about entertainment - this is exactly the character of the archetype Jester, as its symbol the blogger called the ancient Greek god Dionysus. As the author said, in order to achieve maximum personal success these days, you need to behave like a pop star. By this factor, he explains the success in the presidential election of people like Donald Trump and Vladimir Zelensky.
Dmitry Koshelev in Moscow 02.jpg|<center>A lecture by Dmitry Koshelev.</center>
Dmitry Koshelev in Moscow 03.jpg|<center>A lecture by Dmitry Koshelev.</center>
Dmitry Koshelev in Moscow 01.jpg|<center>CommunicationA talk after the lecture with Dmitry Koshelev.</center>
</gallery>
</center>
== Sources ==
{{Original Reporting 2}}
 
== External links ==
* {{статья|автор= Девятков В.|заглавие= В «Точке кипения» обсудили влияние на развитие социума тех или иных психотипов|оригинал=|ссылка= https://tumen.mk.ru/social/2019/04/17/v-tochke-kipeniya-obsudili-vliyanie-na-razvitie-sociuma-tekh-ili-inykh-psikhotipov.html|автор издания=|издание= МК в Тюмени|тип= газета|место= Тюмень|издательство=|год= 17 апреля 2019|выпуск=|том=|номер=|страницы=|isbn=}}
* {{cite web 2|url= http://www.vsluh.ru/news/society/340163|title= Ждут ли нас темные века?|author= Жигулёв Ю.|website= [[Вслух.ру]]|type= |date= 05.04.2019|accessdate=26.03.2020 |lang=ru}}
* {{cite web 2|url= https://www.facebook.com/kolesnikov.andrey.3/videos/2149125501802056/|title= Ждут ли нас очередные Тёмные века или Архетипы в мировой истории (1)|author= Колесников А.|website= [[:en:w:Facebook|Facebook]]|type= video|date= 29.04.2019|accessdate=26.03.2020 |lang=ru}}
* {{cite web 2|url= https://www.facebook.com/kolesnikov.andrey.3/videos/2149258118455461/|title= Ждут ли нас очередные Тёмные века или Архетипы в мировой истории (2)|author= Колесников А.|website= [[:en:w:Facebook|Facebook]]|type= video|date= 29.04.2019|accessdate=26.03.2020 |lang=ru}}
* {{cite web 2|url= https://medium.com/fortunengineering/history-presentation-moscow-75cbbcba8e9|title= Моя лекция про Тёмные века и «СуперДжет»|author= Кошелев Д.|website= [[:en:w:Medium.com|Medium.com]]|type= |date= 06.05.2019|accessdate=26.03.2019 |lang=ru}}
* {{cite web 2|url= https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Are_the_new_Dark_Ages_possible_(2019-04-29).pdf|title= Are the new Dark Ages possible?|author= Koshelev D.|website= [[:en:w:Wikimedia Commons|Wikimedia Commons]]|type= pdf|date= 31.08.2019|accessdate=26.03.2020 |lang=en}}
 
{{News Basement}}
 
{{Categories-en|Архивные новости}}